Typhoid is more than regular fever; it is serious and can easily become fatal. Therefore, it ought to be dealt with as an emergency. Although it is more common in areas that have less access to clean water, it can spread to other areas as well via human carriers. If there’s a typhoid patient at home, others in the family too need to take special care. Feces and urine of the affected person contain the bacteria that cause typhoid and contamination can easily transmit the disease to all in the family or others in close contact.
What is typhoid fever?
The Salmonella typhi bacterium, responsible for causing typhoid, infects a person mainly via contaminated food and water. Once it enters a person’s body (the small intestine), the white blood cells transport it to the liver, bone marrow and also the spleen. These organs provide a favorable environment for the bacteria to grow and multiply. The incubation period of the salmonella typhi is about 1 -2 weeks. This is when the affected person starts noticing the initial symptoms such as high fever, fatigue, body aches, etc. If at this point appropriate treatment is given to the person, there are better chances of recovery. However, if it is delayed or misdiagnosed at this point, it can continue invading the other organs such as the gall bladder, the biliary system, and the intestinal tract. In serious cases where the bacteria stay undetected for long, organ damage can happen and a chronic infection like condition triggered.[TabName]Causes[/TabName]
The Salmonella Typhi bacteria cause typhoid. This disease mostly spreads via contaminated food and water that are in turn impacted due to poor sanitation in the specific areas where this is rampant. Also, carriers handling food can easily get infected and thereby put the consumers of that food also at high risk. Besides the active carriers, there are silent carriers too who may carry the bacteria in them for years without a noticeable symptom. This is riskier as unknowingly they can infect many others over the years and continue doing so till it is detected (if at all). They can infect via food handling, urine, feces (stool), etc.
Others who may be at risk of contracting this disease include:
Certainly, people with low immunity need to apply caution too.[TabName]Symptoms[/TabName]
Although with proper care the signs may subside, many people also complain of a relapse in the signs even after the fever is completely gone and they are much better. Therefore, it is important that the affected person completes the entire medicine dose along with observing the diet plan for as long as it has been prescribed.[TabName]Treatment[/TabName]
To diagnose the bacteria, doctors often recommend blood, urine and stool tests and culture tests of blood and body fluid. A culture test helps confirm the presence of the typhoid bacteria on which the treatment plan can be based.
Treatment is mostly offered in the form of antibiotic medicines. The duration of the treatment will depend upon the condition of the patient and the extent of damage done. Although most patients are treated at home, in severe conditions, the patient may be suggested hospital stay. It is common for most people to completely recover within 3-4 weeks since the onset of the symptoms. However, in the case of a re-lapse, this can take longer.
Antibiotic treatment and appropriate diet can help a patient recover fast. However, in case the bacteria cause chronic infection in the gall bladder, surgery to remove the infected organ may be suggested.[TabName]Living[/TabName]
Appropriate diet is important to help a person recover from Typhoid. Therefore, whether it is you or a family member who’s suffering from this condition, ensure that the below are adhered to.
Because it is mostly spread through contaminated food and water, preventing typhoid is simpler than other related diseases. You just have to be careful in order to avoid getting it.