Simple Tips to Live Fruitfully With Type 2 Diabetes

Simple Tips to Live Fruitfully With Type 2 Diabetes

The commonest type of Diabetes in adults is the Type 2 Diabetes in which the blood glucose level in the body of the affected person rises abnormally. In people who have type 2 diabetes, the body is often unable to use the insulin that the pancreas creates. This is why it is also called insulin resistance.

Diabetes can be very dangerous as it can invite a host of other serious conditions and may eventually become fatal as well. The best is that one can easily control it via lifestyle changes and by making healthy dietary changes as well.

  • Overview
  • Causes
  • Symptoms
  • Treatment
  • Risks & Complications
  • Living

What is type 2 Diabetes?

Pre-diabetes is a condition in which your blood glucose level will be higher than usual. Doctors wouldn’t want to treat you for diabetes yet; but would like you to know that you are at high risk of getting the disease unless you watch out. If there’s already a history of type 2 diabetes in your family, or you’ve had gestational diabetes, it’s natural that you are worrying about your own safety. As prevention is better than cure, you can apply some proactive steps to remain away from this disease. Here’s what you can do to keep type 2 diabetes at bay:

  • Cut down on your fat and carbohydrate intake – consume a fibrous diet
  • If you are overweight, work on a plan to lose weight – more the weight, more are the chances of getting diabetes
  • Exercise daily for at least 5 days in a week
  • Take care of your immune system as diabetes risk puts your immunity in the heat too
  • Limit your alcohol intake and quit smoking right now
  • Meet your doctor regularly to see that your risks are at bay

Preventing diabetes isn’t difficult; you’ve just got to discipline yourself into following the right path (physical activity, no-fat diet, restricting sugary foods and drinks, etc.). Once you start the wellness journey, you will find it becoming a part of yourself. This can help you stay safe and prevent diabetes from affecting you…

Type 2 Diabetes: Causes

Type 2 diabetes in adults can be caused due to a number of reasons. The primary ones are:

  • Genetic reason: Diabetes can be inherited, particularly if you have been leading a sedentary lifestyle and practicing unhealthy eating habits. Therefore, if there is a diabetic history in your family, you must ensure that you live an active lifestyle and eat a healthy diet. Also, genetic mutations can cause diabetes too. Your doctor shall be able to provide you more insight into this.
  • Obesity: Obesity in adulthood as well as childhood obesity can both be linked to type 2 Diabetes.
  • High blood pressure and cholesterol levels
  • Increase in glucose from the liver: To supplement the lack of sugar in the blood (usually during fasts), the liver itself starts making and pushing glucose content in the body. However, in people whose livers aren’t functioning the right way, the liver will continue making the glucose, rather than stop it, even after the person has consumed food. This creates an overdose of blood glucose as the food will release some glucose and the liver will also continue to produce it. This is a major cause of type 2 diabetes.
  • Damaged beta cells: These are responsible for creating an imbalance in the insulin amounts being pushed in the blood. This throws the blood sugar levels off the gear and thereby causing diabetes in the person.
  • Age factor: A person above 45 years of age is prone to getting diabetes. The risk increases with a medical history of the illness in the family.

Diabetes Type 2 symptoms

Some of the commonest signs of type 2 diabetes are:

  • Blurred vision
  • Excessive thirst
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Increase tendency to pass urine
  • Wounds taking a long time to heal
  • Tingling sensation in the toes and feet
  • Fatigue and sudden, uncontrolled hunger

Diagnosis and treatment of diabetes in adults

Diagnosis of type 2 diabetes can be done differently in different people. The Hba1c test helps determine the diabetes condition in adults. However, if the adult is pregnant, the test results may not be accurate. In such cases random blood sugar test, blood sugar fasting test and oral glucose tolerance tests can be conducted to understand the condition.

Your doctor may even recommend other tests to figure out the underlying complications – heart diseases, eyes, ears, etc. Besides the diagnosis, your doctor may recommend that you regularly get tested to keep the symptoms under check. Regular testing will also help your doctor understand whether or not the treatment plan is working for you.

To treat the condition, patients are typically given diabetes medicines and/or insulin therapies. This may include drugs to enhance the insulin sensitivity in your body and lower the glucose production in the liver.

Insulin shots are also suggested to diabetics due to their efficiency. The patient can himself administer these injections at home and maintain the blood sugar levels within the range. Insulin pen, insulin pump and syringes are the different tools you can use to administer a shot; nonetheless, they are all useful.

There are several alternate medicine options also available. Seek expert opinion to evaluate if these may work for you.

Type 2 diabetes risks and complications

Type 2 diabetes brings along a host of risks. If left untreated or if the treatment is not appropriate enough, the condition can deteriorate to bring in other ailments including:

  • Increasing the risk of cardiovascular problems
  • Damaging the nerves, kidneys, eyes, and feet
  • Triggering hearing loss
  • Making you prone to skin problems
  • Increasing the chances of Alzheimer’s disease

Therefore, it’s very important that you follow the treatment plan to its core by taking medicines regularly and by exercising daily to avoid gaining weight. The key to being fit lies in controlling the disease and by following the simple steps shared below, you can lead a fruitful life.

Living with type 2 diabetes

Diabetes is a serious condition and demands you to take it seriously. Educate yourself on the effects of diabetes; this can inspire you to do what is right for you in this condition. Some tips to help you cope with it are:

  • Don’t be in the denial. There are millions of people struggling with this disease and so you shouldn’t feel isolated.
  • Share the news with your family members and close friends. This can help them support you when needed.
  • Manage your stress levels as worrying can increase the glucose levels in your blood.
  • Eat healthy and eat well. Your dietician can give you inputs on your daily diet; follow it religiously and you should be just fine.
  • Eat foods that are rich in fiber, low on fats and sugar content and increase your fluid (water) intake.
  • Remain active throughout the day. Exercise, aerobics, yoga and simply staying physically active can help you a great deal.
  • Take your medicines regularly and opt for healthy lifestyle habits such as taking care of your oral hygiene, keeping tab on your blood pressure levels, and quitting alcohol and smoking.
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